Senior man and his adult son looking out the window

How to choose the right legal decision-maker

Published: 14 July 2022
  • national
  • 14 July 2022
  • National Seniors Australia

As we get older, sometimes we may longer be capable of making our own decisions. Dementia, stroke and head injury can impair our thinking.

The problem is that some of life’s most crucial decisions have to be made during our later years.

Some people may choose to appoint a medical treatment decision-maker or an enduring power of attorney to make certain decisions on their behalf. Alternatively, a legal tribunal or court may appoint a guardian or trustee to help guide decisions about health care, finances, accommodation, and lifestyle.

Who is the right person to take on this important role?

Is it a family member or partner who knows you best? Or someone with time and energy? Perhaps someone who understands the services you need – like a nurse, accountant, or real estate agent?

The role of a decision-making representative has changed significantly in recent years, shifting from a paternalistic approach to a more person-centred focus.

Taking care

These days, guardianship has moved from deciding what’s deemed to be in the individual’s “best interests” to what best reflects their “will and preferences.”

Previously, decisions were made for the person by their guardian or representative, new laws now require representatives to enact the person’s “will and preferences.” That is, to make decisions with them.

This is an important difference. The newer model gives the represented person more autonomy over personal, financial, and other decisions. It recognises that even though a person may struggle with aspects of decision-making, they should not be excluded from decisions about how they live their life.

Representatives bring their own biases, perceptions and lived experience to the role of supporting another person to make decisions. The representative faces the challenge of setting aside their own opinion and, instead, stepping into the shoes of the represented person to give effect to what they want.

An older able-bodied female, who is deeply religious and from a middle-to-high income background might find it difficult to represent a young man with a disability who is an atheist and from a working-class background. Now, imagine a scenario where a young man expresses a desire to go bungee-jumping or parachuting, despite previously showing a fear of heights. What is his representative to do?

Older people, women those with a high socioeconomic status and those with faith generally have a lower appetite for risk.

A heightened perception of danger or a feeling the activity as frivolous, may lead to the representative reframing the situation with their subconscious bias. They may fail to respect the younger person’s will and preferences.

What to look for when selecting a legal decision-making representative

  1. Deep understanding – An intimate understanding of your situation is crucial. An ideal representative is someone who actively listens and has a holistic view of your circumstances. This may come from discussions with you and your loved ones. The representative must be careful your views are not outweighed by those of family or friends, who are often more vocal. They should have a deep sense of who you are as an individual.

  2. Self-awareness – The person you choose should be able to describe their personal views and values and understand how their perspective may influence their decisions. This is vital to mitigate the effects of pre-existing bias. They should be able to reflect on their own lived experiences, to understand how their history shapes their approach to decision-making. They should be able to assess whether what you would do is the same as what they think you should do, and why.

  3. Effective documentation – A record of conversations between the representative and represented person often helps to illuminate a person’s will and preferences. Writing or recording compels us to commit to an idea and explain what we mean. It helps to clarify what is intended far better than a one-time conversation that may be remembered differently by participants.